It is a common injury, caused by auto accidents or fall, that can cause a back injury. Back injuries can also be caused due to sports and recreational activities and medical work-related injuries. The most common type of back injury is a slipped disc. Short term effects of a back injury are pain and suffering, and weakness. Long term effects of a back injury can be severe injury to the back or even death.
A slipped disc occurs when the vertebrae in the spine slips forward and puts pressure on the nerves. As the pressure grows, pain develops as nerves compress. This pain will be felt all the way from the feet to the head. Physiotherapy for back pain consists of correcting the misalignment that has caused the pain and reducing the pain with anti-inflammatory medications and exercises. Depending on the type of back injury that has occurred will depend on the duration and severity of the pain.
Muscles become strained when they are overloaded. The less flexible the muscles in the body are, the more likely they are to overstretch and contract, causing pain. Overuse causes damage to the ligaments and tendons, which attach muscles to the bones. The less flexible the tendons and ligaments are, the more likely they are to rupture, causing severe pain and suffering.
Another common injury in the lower back is called a slipped disc. In this case, the inner core structure of the disc between the vertebrae becomes misaligned causing pain. Excess fluid leaks from the sac around the center of the disc causing inflammation and swelling. This swelling and inflammation is a common complication of back injuries because it is often difficult to determine where the pain actually originates from.
Sprains and strains are also very common injuries. Sprains are usually caused by excessive lifting of any sort, regardless of how gentle the move might be. Sprains can be accompanied by some discomfort as the tendons and muscles are stretched out, but usually not much pain is felt until the day after the activity is completed. Common sports players are more prone to sports related back strains and sprains because of their constant stretching during their games.
Ligament sprains occur when the ligaments of a particular muscle are strained or stretched out by some form of rapid movement. This is most commonly caused by hyperextension, which means that the muscles or tendons are repeatedly pulled into an area of weakness. This causes the ligaments to stretch out and the area to become very tender. A strain occurs when the same muscles or tendons are repeatedly pulled without any stretching or weakening of the ligaments.
Finally, another common injury is a strain is an injury to either a muscle or tendon. A strain occurs when too much pressure is put on one of the tendons. Common sports people are more prone to strain injuries than others, because of the amount of jumping, running and other exercises they perform on a regular basis. The most common cause of a strain is an increased load on one of the tendons. Muscles and tendons become overstressed when they are overextended and this leads to a change in the fiber of tissue, which is called a strain.
Other less common causes of back strains are ligament sprains and fibrous bands (also known as band-aids). A ligament sprain is an example of a soft tissue sprain which results from a sprain in a ligament, usually the wrist ligaments. When the ligament is stretched beyond its ability to withstand the increased weight, it becomes torn. This type of sprain is not as common as a soft tissue sprain, but is slightly more common than a strain. In a fibrous band-aid, there is a tightness in the skin that can stretch the fibrous bands which may tear or become ineffective over time.